Throughout the Middle Ages in Iceland, residents called the Hekla volcano as the “Gateway to Hell.” Hekla is Iceland’s most active volcano as more than 20 eruptions have taken place since 874.
Iceland was first settled in the ninth century by Vikings. It quickly became known as “The land of fire and ice” because of the volcanoes and glaciers.
One of the fears which scientists had when the Eyjafyallajokulll erupted was that it could set off other eruptions from nearby volcanoes, like the Hekla Volcano which could be cataclysmic.
Hekla volcano is located in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 metres. Hekla looks rather like an overturned boat, with its keel being in fact a series of craters, two of which are generally the most active.
Here are some pictures of the Hekla Volcano.
Many believe that the next Hekla eruption is imminent, and the recent Iceland volcano eruption in Eyjafjallajoekull has added to those fears.
Facts about the volcano.
Hekla is a stratovolcano located in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 meters (4,892 ft). Hekla is Iceland's most active volcano; over 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 874. During the Middle Ages, Icelanders called the volcano the "Gateway to Hell."
Hekla is part of a volcanic ridge, 40 kilometers (25 mi) long. However, the most active part of this ridge, a fissure about 5.5 km (3.4 mi) long named Heklugjá, is considered to be the volcano Hekla proper. Hekla looks rather like an overturned boat, with its keel being in fact a series of craters, two of which are generally the most active.