Is Tehran in Iran?

I need a geography lesson here. Is Tehran inside of Iran? I mean, Is Iran the country and Tehran the city or the other way around?

asked by Julio in Geography | 2104 views | 12-27-2009 at 07:54 PM

Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran, and the administrative center of Tehran Province. Tehran is a sprawling city at the foot of the Tochal mountain range with an immense network of highways unparalleled in Western Asia. The city is famous for its numerous resorts on the Alborz slopes, large museums, art centers, and palace complexes.

Covering an area of 1500 sq. kms, Tehran is situated in the north-central part of Iran, on the slope of the Alborz Mountain. As the national capital it is the most populated city in Iran and the center of cultural, economical, political and social activities. It is about 1200 meters above sea level and enjoys a mild climate. Although the word Tehran can be found even in some books dating back to the 10th century, it was but a village containing numerous gardens in the distant past. Its importance began to increase in the Safavid period (1501-1736). Shah Tehmasp, the king of Iran from 1524 to 1576, was fascinated by the climate of Tehran, as a result of which many buildings including caravansaries were founded. He also built many towers around the city. In the reign of agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty (1776-1925), when Tehran was chosen as the capital of Iran, it enjoyed a boom. The building founded by Naser od-Din, shah of Iran (1848-1896) gave it a high position among the other cities. A ditch was dug around the city to repel attacks on it, twelve gates were built as the approaches to the city, and a large square, now called Tupkhneh and the buildings around were founded. After the Qajar period, two architectural trends developed: an imitation of Western styles that had little relevance to Tehran's climate and an attempt to revive indigenous designs. The latter trend has been reinforced after the Islamic Revolution. The population of Tehran has had a boom in the last decades, as a result of which urban development has not been smooth. In the recent years the municipality of Tehran has taken great measures to increase the number of recreational facilities, including park, stadiums, theaters,etc.

answered by Jane | 12-27-2009 at 07:57 PM

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